Bugoma Forest: Detained Journalists Get Police Bond

By George Busiinge

The two journalists arrested on allegations of plotting an unlawful protest against the move to degrade a forested land believed to be part of Bugoma Central Forest Reserve (CFR) have been released on police bond after spending two nights in Hoima Central Police custody.

The environmental journalists; Mr Venix Watebawa and Mr Joshua Mutale subscribing to Water and Environment Media Network (WEMNET) were arrested on Tuesday, September 15, 2020, at around 8pm some few minutes after arriving in Hoima City.

Bugoma forest land dispute between Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom and the National Forest Authority (NFA) is now pending the Court of Appeal decision.

This is after NFA lost twice on its suit challenging the transaction for the 22-square-mile piece of land between Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom and Hoima Sugar Limited.

NFA claims that Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom leased to Hoima Sugar Ltd part of Bugoma CFR which is a nationally recognised government conservation area in public interest.

The Shs3.9b approximately US$1m- transaction was made in 2016 when the kingdom leased the land to Hoima Sugar Ltd for 99 years in favour of sugarcane growing.

Bugoma forest in Kyangwali sub-county, in the current Kikuube district was gazetted in 1932. It is one of the major conservation areas in Uganda that stand to be relied on for wildlife which is one of the major tourist attractions.

Tourism is the leading foreign exchange income earner for Uganda.

Forestry is one of the major determinants of climate change since natural forests have a high capacity to absorb carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Ecologists argue that Bugoma forest is also so important at this time when it is most wanted given the planned construction of an oil refinery in Hoima that will emit carbon dioxide into the atmosphere requiring to be absorbed lest it harm people and fauna in the sphere of coverage.

They say the forest will be a good carbon absorber tapping the poisonous gas plummeting from the atmosphere once the oil refinery becomes operational.

CSOs Demand For Release Of Save Bugoma Forest Campaigners

Civil society actors and tourism operators working under the Save Bugoma Forest Campaign (SBC) to stop illegal sugarcane growing and oil activities in Bugoma forest and the ecosystems around the forest are demanding for an immediate release of nine of their members who were arrested by police in Hoima district.

“Our members travelled to Hoima to participate in a peaceful demonstration aimed at stopping the destruction of Bugoma forest for sugarcane growing and to stop the risks of oil activities to critical biodiversity resources.

Two of our group members were arrested on their way to a radio talk show at Spice FM in Hoima. The two were set to discuss the risks and dangers of destroying Bugoma forest for sugarcane growing and allowing oil activities in critical biodiversity areas including rivers, lakes, national parks, forests, wetlands and others.

The talk show was also aimed at providing information on the planned peaceful protests where the civil society leaders were supposed to walk from Hoima and Kikuube districts to Bugoma forest reserve to address a press conference,” Mr. Dickens Kamugisha, the CEO of AFIEGO and a member of SBC, says.

It is notable that the planned protest was aimed at expressing displeasure with government agencies that have connived to give away Bugoma forest for sugarcane growing.

It was also to expose how the rush for oil exploitation has attracted dubious companies that are conniving with government to conduct illegal and irregular Environmental and Social Impact Assessments (ESIA), issue ESIA certificates of approval, proceed with illegal activities in forests, national parks, rivers, lakes, wetlands and others without complete and approved mitigation plans. These illegal and irregular activities are leading to the destruction of forests, waterfalls, national parks and other natural iconic futures.

Mr. Kamugisha adds, “In addition to the two who were arrested while on their way to the radio talk show, seven other SBC members and partners were also arrested. The seven were arrested at Hoima police station while trying to negotiate the release of the two who spent the night in the police cells.”

The arrested include AFIEGO's Sandra Atusinguza, journalists Venex Watebawa, Joshua Mutale, Sam Kayiwa and activists Vincent Sekitto, Joseph Mujuni, Ismail Kashokwa, John Kibego all of Save Bugoma Forest Campaign and Moses Mukiibi of Oil Refinery Residents Association.

“We are demanding for the immediate release of our campaigners from illegal detention. They were engaged in efforts to uphold Ugandans’ constitutional right to live in a clean and healthy environment. The Constitution, National Environment Act of 2019 and other laws empower Ugandans to defend the above right and police should not deter Ugandans, including our campaigners, from defending Ugandans’ environmental and other rights,” Mr. Kamugisha says.

Save Forests & Wetlands To Avoid Human-Animal Conflicts

By Paul Kato

For over three years, the media has been reporting about the massive destruction of forests and wetlands in several parts of the country. Bunyoro sub-region has greatly been affected by this environmentally dangerous practice.

Because of the massive destruction of wild animal habitat areas by residents, there has been an increased rate of human-animal conflicts in the districts that make up Bunyoro sub-region - Kikuube, Hoima, Kagadi, Kakumiro and Kibale.

Unfortunately, residents, investors and government agencies and officials prefer to use animal habitant areas for economic activities like agriculture, charcoal burning, lumbering, sugar cane growing by Hoima Sugar company and oil and gas activities.

The massive destruction of forests and wetlands have led to the migration of wild animals like chimpanzees from their natural habitats. This has created a big competition for land space and food.

Also, many people, especially the vulnerable children between one year to four, have been attacked and injured by these animals; many have lost their lives.

It should be noted that the continuous massive destroying of the forests and wetlands is going to contribute to a big number of people and children being injured and killed by the wild animals.

Worthy to note is that this massive destruction of our natural forests and wetlands is going to result in a prolonged drought, floods, reduction of foreign exchange and climatic change among others.

Therefore, the forests and wetlands need to be protected and conserved by all stakeholders to avoid human-animal conflicts, climatic change and negative impacts on the people’s livelihoods.

Research shows that in Bunyoro region, 20 children have already been attacked and injured by wild animals, at list five have died because of ongoing human-animal conflicts.

Therefore, I call upon all the local leaders right from the grass root levels to the national level to carry out massive sensitization among the local communities, National Environment Management Authority, National Forestry Authority and Environmental Police to put in place new laws that are going to protect forests. People lack information about the importance of forests.

Paul Kato is a research associate at African Institute for Energy Governance  

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Climate Financing By Leading Multilateral Development Banks Tops $61.6bn

Climate financing by seven of the world’s largest multilateral development banks (MDBs) totalled $61.6 billion in 2019, of which $41.5 billion (67%) was in low- and middle-income economies, according to the 2019 Joint Report on Multilateral Development Banks’ Climate Finance.

The study expands the scope of reporting for the first time to all countries with multilateral development bank operations. It now provides data on MDB climate finance commitments beyond those directed solely at developing and emerging economies, but with the focus remaining on low- and middle-income countries.

This year the report combines data from the African Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the European Investment Bank (EIB), the Inter-American Development Bank Group (IDB Group), the World Bank Group (WBG) and – for the first time – the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB), which joined the working group in October 2017. In 2019, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) also joined MDB working groups, and its data is presented separately within the current report.

The 2019 report shows that $46.6 billion, or 76% of total financing for the year, was devoted to climate change mitigation investments that aim to reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions and slow down global warming. Of this, 59% went to low- and middle-income economies.

The remaining $15 billion, or 24%, was invested in adaptation efforts to help countries build resilience to the mounting impacts of climate change, including worsening droughts, extreme flooding and rising sea levels. Ninety-three percent of this finance was directed at low- and middle-income economies.

Additional climate funds channelled through MDBs, such as the Climate Investment Funds (CIF), the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Trust Fund, the Global Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fund (GEEREF), the European Union’s funds for Climate Action, and the Green Climate Fund (GCF), play an important role in boosting MDB climate financing.

In 2019, the MDBs report a further $102.7 billion in net climate co-finance – investments from the public and private sector – taking the total of climate activity financed in the year to $164.3 billion.

The MDBs have reported on climate finance since 2011, based on a jointly developed methodology for climate finance tracking.

The 2019 edition of the Joint Report on MDBs’ Climate Finance is published in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has caused significant social and economic disruption, temporarily reducing global carbon emissions to 2006 levels.

Dr. Anthony Nyong, Director of Climate Change and Green Growth at the African Development Bank, noted: “Our investments that contribute to the goals of the Paris Agreement continue to grow. The climate finance provided by the Bank increased from $3.2 in 2018 to $3.5 billion in 2019 – representing 35% of total project approvals worth $10.2 billion.” The largest climate finance investments were made in the energy, agriculture and transport sectors.

Importantly, the Bank exceeded its target of achieving parity between adaptation and mitigation finance by allocating 55% of its climate finance resources to adaptation and 45% to mitigation, whereas globally more than 70% of climate finance is allocated to mitigation. More global efforts are needed to build climate change resilience and adaptation in Africa.

“As African economies face the devastating impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, slacking action or redirecting financial resources from climate change will further compound these impacts in a diverse and complex manner,” Dr. Nyong cautioned.

Stanbic Bank Partners With Roofings Ltd To Plant 15,000 Trees

Stanbic Bank through its Corporate Social Investment (CSI) flagship programme ‘Stanbic National Schools Championship’ has partnered with Roofings Group in a tree-planting initiative dubbed ‘Forever Forestry Initiative’ aimed at protecting and conserving the environment.

The partnership will see the two entities plant over 15,000 trees in over 200 schools across the country.

The ‘Forever Forestry’ initiative with the tagline ‘A seed today, A forest tomorrow’ is a flagship CSI initiative of Roofings Group housed on an acre of land with a dedicated team that has the capacity to produce up to 1,000 seedlings a day.  

While announcing the partnership, Ms Barbara Kasekende –Stanbic Bank Uganda’s Corporate Social Investments Manager noted that the bank had tailored its CSI arm to focus on sustainability and environment transformation across its projects.

She said, “The Bank’s Corporate Social Investment projects are to foster sustainability within communities with a focus on Social, Economic and Environmental (SEE) goals as we seek to ensure shared value in societies and the environment in which we operate. Promoting tree planting is one such initiative which seeks to promote conservation of the environment through the Forever Forestry Initiative.”

She continued, “We believe the youth demographic as the majority in our nation and communities can be used to create impact through environmentally friendly projects such as tree planting with a hope to groom them into responsible citizens in their various communities who know the value of environmental conservation. I am happy to state out of the targeted 15,000 trees, we have so far planted 4,000 trees and will continue to do so until the target is completed.”

Roofings Group contributed seedlings worth UGX 60 million to enforce the regreening project across the nation through schools.

Nashila Lalani, the Executive Director Roofings Group said deforestation statics are alarming. According to recent studies conducted by Africa Natural Resources Institute, forest cover loss has now increased to an estimated 200,000 hectares annually an estimated equivalent of 500,000 acres of land.

She says it has become apparent through research that we need an immediate and combined course of action to save our environment.

“Roofings group is passionately driven towards protection and conservation of the environment through its Forever Forestry Initiative. The name doesn’t leave any secret to the explanation. We want our beautiful forests to thrive,” She added.

While commenting on the partnership with Stanbic Bank, Nashila said, “Roofings Group’s strong partnership with Stanbic Bank gives us the opportunity to reach a vast majority of the community across the country through our contribution of 15,000 seedlings worth ugx 60 million. We are therefore facilitating the Stanbic National Schools Championship program in regreening hundreds of schools which in turn provides environment stability.”

Stanbic also recently partnered with UBL on the ROOT campaign to create awareness on tree planting to fight deforestation in a bid to foster sustainable development and save the environment.

“Sustaining our environment is a priority for us and we do not take these partnerships lightly. Engaging the youth and making them apart of these initiatives will certainly take us one step further to enforcing shared responsibility.” Kasekende concluded.

CSOs Protest Eviction Of 5 Fishing Communities On Lake Albert

Africa Institute for Energy Governance (AFIEGO) is leading 23 other civil society organizations protesting the impending eviction of 10,000 occupants of several landing sites on Lake Albert in Hoima and Kikuube districts.

The CSOs in a press release shared Thursday revealed that the eviction is reportedly premised on the directive of President Yoweri Museveni to stop inward migration through Uganda’s porous borders.

According to the CSOs, security operatives in Hoima reportedly led by the Resident District Commissioner (RDC), the District Internal Security Officer (DISO), the District Police Commander (DPC) and a UPDF commander have gone to several landing sites asking residents to vacate within three days or else face eviction.

The affected villages include Sebigoro B and Nkondo 1 in Kabwoya Sub County, and several villages in Kyangwali sub-county including Kyenyanja, Osusa, Busigi, Kyabasambu, Nzuzu A&B, Kiina and Kachumbe. There is already a heavy UPDF deployment across the affected areas.

It is alleged that the authorities claim that the above villages are illegal landing sites, which must be vacated immediately. Tens of thousands of people have been affected, and some have already voluntarily left in fear of an assault by the army.

The CSOs are now calling upon the government of Uganda to immediately take the following actions to protect the vulnerable communities and stop human rights violations:

  • The president through the Nakalema office should investigate the errant officers in the army and Hoima District Security officials and cause their prosecution for violating people’s rights, Presidential Directives on COVID19 and ministry of lands directives on land matters.
  • The Natural Resources Committee of Parliament of Uganda should investigate the officials behind the evections and recommend to the Minister of Lands to ensure the protection of land rights of the affected communities.
  • The Bunyoro MPs should urgently bring the matter before Parliament for discussion as a measure to protect the vulnerable communities.
  • Uganda Human Rights Commission should also fully investigate the security and other people behind the evictions and ensure that the affected get redress.
  • The Hoima District Land Board should clarify the ownership rights of the communities most of who have lived on the affected land for over years.

The Independent Magazine, via URN, Thursday reported that more than 200 fishermen who had been evicted from landing sites on the shores of Lake Albert were stranded.

The fishermen and their families were evicted on Thursday from Songagagi and Nana landing sites in Kigorobya and Buseraku sub-counties, Hoima district. They pitched camp at Hoima landing site football playground in Buseruka sub-county.

According to the fishermen, Uganda Peoples Defense Forces-UPDF soldiers ordered them to vacate the landing sites. The soldiers later demolished their houses.

Meet The Endangered Fruit Tree Of Africa

By Lindsay Cobb

Across Africa and into India, the Middle East and all throughout the tropics lives a massive shade tree. It can climb to more than 100 feet tall and it's expansive, sturdy branches hold recognizable feather-shaped leaves, providing shade and food to humans and animals alike.

The abundant fruit can take more than a decade to finally appear on new trees, but the sweet bean-shaped pod is a popular snack and ingredient for many. It's called the tamarind tree, and it's both culturally and environmentally significant to its native Africa.

Tamarind pods are typically cooked with rice and used in fish dishes. When I lived in Senegal while serving in the Peace Corps, a friend of mine would regularly visit a nearby tamarind tree, we'd shake the (at the time) small tree and snack on the sweet pods that fell. The leaves are also known for their medicinal uses and many tribes across Africa regard the tree as sacred.

Beyond its cultural importance, tamarind has a role to play in the health and vitality of the landscape, biodiversity, and environment. Tamarind can thrive on dry land while providing plenty of shade and establishing a strong root system that enables the hardy tree to survive over 100 years. Like any native tree, tamarind is part of a healthy African landscape.

Unfortunately, tamarind is rapidly disappearing from parts of Africa, including where I first fell in love with the tree – Senegal. In 2019, I attended the National Day of Trees Celebration in Senegal and was devastated to hear that tamarind has been nearly eliminated from what is known as the Peanut Basin.

This region of West Africa is focused on monocrop intensification of the peanut plant. At Trees for the Future we frequently talk about the harms of monocrop agriculture – one of the most noticeable threats of this agriculture method is the need for the farmer to clear all of their land to make room for that one crop. In the Peanut Basin, farmers are cutting down tamarind trees young and old to make room for peanuts.

Those that are not being intentionally removed from the landscape are falling victim to overgrazing. I remember traveling with an old friend and fellow tree planter Badara Ndao years ago when we witnessed the problem firsthand. A young livestock herder, who had climbed up a tamarind tree, was using a machete to chop the branches to feed to his cattle, goats, and sheep below.

I witnessed Badara bravely stand up to a stranger to protect this tamarind tree. There were words exchanged as the herder climbed out of the tree but held onto his machete. At that moment I saw the courage it takes to be an environmentalist on the front lines. The young herder never did hand over his machete, but Badara protected the tamarind tree that day.

Unfortunately, Badara and other environmentalists can't be there for every tamarind or threatened tree species and over the years the harmful practices have taken their toll. There are entire sets of native fruit trees being lost throughout the Peanut Basin – baobab trees, bush mango trees, and a handful of other species that aren't commonly known outside of west Africa.

The world is losing flora and fauna at a frightening rate. Many of us may think of endangered species as animals, but the plants and trees are paying the price of harmful practices as well. Last year, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) released a report which found more than a million plant and animal species are currently at risk of extinction. A

s a lover of fruit, it breaks my heart to see monocropping farming techniques wiping out fruit trees from entire landscapes. But in the face of such daunting reports, I think we can all channel a little of Badara's bravery. We don't have to standby and allow harmful practices to continue.

Sustainable farming practices like Trees for the Future's Forest Garden Approach allow native species like tamarind to thrive. In fact, we're putting practices in place throughout our Senegalese programs to encourage farmers to replant the tamarind tree in an effort to rebuild what has been lost.

We can make choices that support sustainable farming and land management, so that future generations can live in a healthy, stable world and we can make sure they're able to enjoy the little things in life, like enjoying a sweet piece of fruit on their way home from school.

Lindsay Cobb is the Marketing and Communications ManagerTrees for the Future

New ICT Application To Connect Uganda, Kenya Farmers To Markets Launched

Small scale farmer organisations from Uganda and Kenya have launched an online agricultural marketing platform that will support farmers to access information related to farm produces in the two countries.

The marketing application code-named Kilimo Mart Application was developed jointly by the Eastern and Southern Africa Smallholders’ Farmers Forum Uganda chapter in collaboration with Kenya Small Scale Farmers Forum with the support from the East African Community and other development partners that.

Speaking during an online launch event, Mathias Kasamba, the chairperson of the Agriculture, Natural Resources and Tourism Committee in the East African Legislative Assembly said the development of the online's application is a strong milestone towards the development of the agriculture sector in the region.

"The East African Community offers a bigger market to the agricultural produces from the member states but the majority of the farmers have not exploited the opportunities due to the lack of information related to the availability of the markets,”

“This has led many farmer's to be cheated by the middlemen but with this online platform, such challenges will be sorted out," Kasamba recently said in a statement during the online launch of the application.

He added by noting that the integration of the ICT in the agricultural sector by the East African member states plays a big role since it can attract special interest groups such as the youth to participate in the agricultural sector since they are more knowledgeable in the ICT sector.

Elaborating more on the usage of the application, Nancy Mugimba, the national coordinator of ESAFF Uganda, said the platform will empower small scale farmers to access markets for their produces especially organic agricultural produces.

The Kilimo Mart platform will offer markets linkages for organic products between small scale farmers and consumers and enable farmers to utilize the current agriculture trade prospects in the region.

She added that the platform will also strengthen inclusive small-scale farmers' online engagement with different stakeholders in the EAC region to promote regional integration.

Kilimo Mart gives small scale farmers in the EAC the opportunity to access information like market information, farming practices and techniques, weather information, laws and policies including East African Community (EAC) updates.

Alphayo Kuruna, the chairperson of Kenya Smallholder Farmers said that most governments in East Africa are paying less attention to smallholder farmers yet they contribute much to the economies of such states.

"Smallholder farmers are the majority contributors of labour in the agricultural sector, however, on many occasions, they have not been effectively supported especially when it comes to access to regional and international markets. This has kept them into poverty," he said.

Hakim Baliraine, the ESAFF Uganda chairperson, said East Africa member states should develop policies that can support the smallholder farmers in the region to compete with their counterparts in other regions in the World.

Speaking on behalf of the smallholder farmers in Uganda, Christine Nabwami, a farmer from Mityana district in Central Uganda, applauded the two organisations for coming up with the application but asked the farmer organizations to ensure that farmers are equipped with the necessary skills on how to use ICT in the marketing of their agricultural produces since the majority of the farmers are still ICT illiterate.

River Rwizi Restoration Ambition On Course Despite Pressure On Supporting Wetlands

Efforts to restore River Rwizi in western Uganda are picking up momentum with stakeholders each day emphasizing their commitment to having the water body restored to its natural state after many years of degradation.

This year, as part of the Water and Environment Week commemoration, a two-day symposium on the restoration of River Rwizi Catchment was planned on 19th and 20th March in Mbarara but a COVID-19 scare and a ban on the public gathering by President Yoweri Museveni reduced it to half a day on 19th March at Lake View Hotel in Mbarara.

The symposium convened by Advocates Coalition for Development (ACODE) in partnership with Ministry of Water & Environment (MWE), National Planning Authority (NPA), Mbarara District Local Government, Green Economy Coalition (GEC) and Youth Go Green was responding to the need to save River Rwizi.

The over 8,200km long river, commencing its gentle journey from its base in Buhweju & snaking through the hills and valleys of Ankole supplying domestic, agricultural and industrial water to people along its course connecting to Lake Victoria, its final destination, has suffered the wrath of the very people it serves.

River Rwizi, serving about 12 local government administrative districts in the vast great Ankole subregion has over the years been facing extinction due to human activities that have degraded wetlands surrounding it. Its water levels have significantly dried up.

Human activities like sand mining, industrial dumping, planting of eucalyptus trees, farming and intentional blocking of the river course have threatened its existence; something environmentalists who spoke at the symposium condemned and vowed to defeat through a multi-sectoral approach.

JB Tumusiime, the Mbarara District chairperson, also the chairman Rwizi Catchment Management Committee, noted that ministry of water and environment, National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) and the district leadership alone cannot fight this vice and succeed.

“The restoration of degraded wetlands requires a multi-sectoral approach. It is everybody’s role. It is every leader’s role to make sure that we restore the wetlands,” Tumusiime said at the symposium encouraging politicians intending to vie for political offices not to interfere with the works of the technical team working to end degrading of wetlands supporting River Rwizi.

Innocent Nabaasa, an official from NEMA, in his presentation revealed that the ‘level of impunity’ by people permanently blocking the river is high.

“People no longer access water anymore. The river provides water for watering of animals. And because of the blockages due to unregulated human activities, the river is forced to change its course,” noted Nabaasa.

Louis Mugisha, of Victoria Management Zone at the ministry of water and environment, in agreement with Nabaasa acknowledged that they have lived with the impunity for too long it has been normalized.

He said the ministry is working on restoring wetlands, working on enhancing of water storage at various catchment centres, demarcating River Rwizi, fundraising for needed funds, improving livelihoods of people living around the affected water bodies among other interventions.

Dr Arthur Bainomugisha, the executive director of ACODE, noted that the experience of River Rwizi will guide them on how to approach other water bodies facing similar challenges in the country.

 

“River Rwizi is not the only river suffering. River Mpologoma and River Kafu are rivers that are dying and the experience we get here is what we will use to work on these other rivers,” Dr Bainomugisha said.

The minister and other stakeholders used the symposium to launch the Rwizi Management Plan before planting symbolic trees in the backyard of Lake View Hotel as a commitment to continue protecting the environment. The theme of the symposium was 'transition to a green economy in Uganda; restoration of River Rwizi Catchment for sustainable livelihoods,'. 

The minister of state for environment Beatrice Anywar in her speech commended the intervention by various stakeholders but noted the need to involve more stakeholders. "We need to do more. Stop degrading our environment. In the near future, we shall not want the use of plastics in this country. Talking must stop and take action." 

Uganda Citizens Alliance Partners With National Water And Sewerage Cooperation

Uganda Citizens Alliance (UCA) in partnership with National Water and Sewerage Cooperation (NWSC) are set to implement a one-year project aimed at advocating for the protection and conservation of wetlands in Western and South Western Uganda.

The project dubbed “advocacy and community sensitization campaigns on water sources protection” will cost over Sh170 million and will be implemented in 18 districts which include, Hoima, Masindi, Kibaale Fort Portal, Lyantonde, Mbarara Ibanda, Mpondwe, Ntungamo, Bushenyi and Kanungu among others.

Elly Muhwezi, the program coordinator-UCA says the project was initiated following the increased environmental degradation which has resulted into the change in agricultural seasons, prolonged drought and drying of most traditional water sources.

He disclosed that widespread drainage and encroachment of water sources for agriculture, eucalyptus growing in catchment areas, low adherence to laws, limited funding for the mandated sector and deforestation are some of the drivers of environmental degradation.

Deo Atuhire, the UCA executive director says the three major traditional water sources such in the region which include River Kafu, River Muzizi and Mpaga are drying up due to encroachment.

He attributed the increasing encroachment on sensitive ecological areas on political interference and called on leaders to join the fight against environmental conservation.

Atanazio Tugume, the acting manager NWSC Hoima branch says, they implemented several projects aimed at conserving the environment.

He says degradation of the environment and encroachment on water sources is affecting the efforts of NWSC to supply water to communities due to the drying up of water catchment areas such as River Wambabya and Kafu.

 

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