Baz Waiswa

Baz Waiswa

Farmers Want Government To Implement Of Organic Farming Policy

Farmers across the country want the government to start implementing the recently passed National Organic Agricultural Policy that was passed by the cabinet in July 2019.

The farmers also want government through the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries to sensitize farmers about the policy.

They say that since its enactment government has not come out to create awareness of the policy to the stakeholders (farmers and Extension Service providers) who are the technical people to implement the objectives of the policy.

Christopher Wali, a former agricultural extension services providers and also a farmer from Mukono District, says that failure by the government to create more awareness about the policy and implementation delays may delay local farmers to embrace organic farming practices.

Many smallholder farmers are willing to embrace organic farming due to its social, environmental and health values.

“Many rural farmers are not aware of the policy yet the document guides farmers and policy implementers on how to practice organic farming. The government should wake up and carry out massive sensitization about the policy. This will guide the farmers to make decisions on which farming practices they should adopt,” Wali said

The agriculturalist noted that Uganda has a comparative advantage in practising organic agriculture because of its favorable weather and also the high demand for organically produced agricultural produces on the local, region and international market.

On July 29th 2019, cabinet approved the approved the National Organic Agriculture Policy whose objectives are; to strengthen organic agriculture research, appropriate technology development and utilization, to promote production, processing and marketing for organic products among other objectives of the policy is to enhance appropriate post-harvest handling practices and value addition to organic agricultural products and lastly to  strengthen environmental conservation, indigenous biodiversity and sustainable use of natural resources.

The officer made the remarks during the official launch of the 5years Ecological Organic Agriculture (EOA) project at the Ntenjeru sub-county Community Center in Mukono District recently.

The overall goal of the project is to mainstream EOA into agricultural production system by 2025 in order to improve agricultural productivity, food security access to markets and sustainable development.

The project is being implemented in 9 African countries including Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Mali, Senegal, Benin and Nigeria. In Uganda, the project will be implemented in four Districts namely Mukono, Luwero, Masaka and Wakiso.

The ecological project will be spearheaded by Eastern and Southern Smallscale Farmers Forum Uganda chapter in collaboration with other institutions such as Uganda Martyrs University Nkozi, Kulika Uganda and PELUM Uganda.

Speaking at the launch of the project, Hakim Baliraine, the ESAFF Uganda chairperson, noted that once Ugandan farmers adopt organic farming this will help in mitigating the high rates of environmental and biodiversity degradation and also save many lives Ugandans.

“Conventional farming has played a big role in degrading our environment because of the pollution from the inorganic agricultural inputs such as fertilizers, herbicides among other agricultural inputs.

Apart from degrading the environment, foods grown in conventional practice have health hazards that is why we are seeing many Ugandans suffering from dangerous diseases like cancer,” he said

He challenged  agricultural extension services providers across the country to mainstream organic agricultural practices in their extension services this will help farmers to understand the economic importance of organic farming.

Rashida Kabanda, the project manager for EOA, stated that the project has four pillars and once they are well implemented it will change the farmers mind towards  Organic farming practices.

 The four pillars according to the project managers are Research and Applied Knowledge, Information Communication and Extension, Value chain and market Development and lastly Support and cementing, management, coordination and Governance.  

Government, Stakeholders To Conduct EACOP ESIA Public Hearings

The Petroleum Authority of Uganda (PAU), the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) and the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development (MEMD) together with the Project Developers for the East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP) are conducting community dialogues in the ten (10) districts traversed by the EACOP project.

The dialogues started on 14th October and will continue until 19th October, 2019, as a precursor to the planned Public Hearings which will take place on 21st, 23rd and 25th October, 2019, in three (3) of the ten (10) districts.

“We have organised these dialogues because we know that not all the Projected Affected Persons (PAPs) and the stakeholders in the affected districts will make it to the planned public hearings.

We therefore urge you to use this opportunity to share all your views and opinions on the Environmental Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) Report,” Dr. Daniel Balikoowa the Director, Districts Support and Public Health at NEMA emphasised.

 The views expressed during the dialogues will be taken into consideration by NEMA to influence the decision-making process during the review of the ESIA for the EACOP project.

The proposed EACOP project involves the development of a 1,443km heated buried pipeline from Hoima in Uganda to Tanga in Tanzania. The pipeline will traverse ten districts; Hoima, Kikuube, Sembabule, Kyankwanzi, Gomba, Rakai, Lwengo, Kakumiro, Mubende and Kyotera.

On Monday 14th October 2019, the community dialogues were held at the Lwanda playground in Lwanda Sub-county, Rakai district, and at Sir Owinyi Pinto Primary School in Kikuube district.  This was followed by two other parallel engagements in Kyotera and Kakumiro districts on Tuesday 15th before the teams headed to Lwengo and Kyankwanzi on Wednesday 16th. The meetings drew hundreds of Project Affected Persons (PAPs) and other stakeholders.

During the community dialogues, the EACOP Project team presented the findings of the ESIA Report, the impacts of the EACOP, and the mitigation measures.

The community mainly raised concern about delayed compensation and the impact of the project on wetlands and whether people whose land is passing through the wetlands will be compensated. 

Mr. Abbey Ssekiku, a PAP from Lwanda sub-cunty in his submission wondered why the date for disclosure on compensation entitlements was unknown.

“How come you have taken the report to the Chief Government valuer (CGV) without us knowing how much we shall get? Can you please give us a timeframe when we shall be compensated?” he asked.

Similar sentiments were also raised in Kikuube, Kyotera, Kakumiro and Kyankwanzi districts with most of the PAPs requesting for the compensation processes to be expedited, given that the cut off dates had already been declared .

Mr. Christopher Ssensalire, the vice-chairperson of Lwengo district also added, “Given the current stalemate with the oil companies, we need re-assurance that New Plan is still here because they have abandoned their work and now my people are worried.”  

Other concerns raised were related to whether the pipeline would lead to water pollution in areas where the it crosses water sources such as rivers, streams and wetlands. The locals also implored the project developers to give priority to locals for employment opportunities and the supply of goods and services and implement livelihood restoration activities for the PAPs.

The Government officials from the PAU and MEMD re-assured the PAPs of government’s commitment to the project and ensuring that the project contributes to uplifting the livelihoods of the communities.

Mr. Herbert Mugizi, the Land Acquisition Project Manager for EACOP from MEMD clarified that the Land Valuation Reports for all the 14 districts have now been submitted  to the Chief Government Valuer.

“The CGV is reviewing the Valuation Reports, and has undertaken field assessment and verification exercise. Issues related to compensation in wetlands and other protected areas are under review by the CGV and the Solicitor General. Once this review is concluded, the disclosure of compensation awards to the PAPs will be undertaken and the date for compensation will be clear”, said Mugizi.

Stakeholders were also informed that NewPlan and ICS which were contracted to undertake the Land Acquisition promised that the forms would be brought back once rectification of the errors was completed.

Mr. Michael Weteeka, a Pipeline Engineer with the PAU said that Government and the Oil Companies had made progress in discussions related to the projects.  “Government is engaging the companies to ensure that the project is delivered as planned, and Ugandans benefit”, said Weteeka.

Government and the oil companies remain committed to the project, and the PAU plans to undertaken initiatives such as supplier development engagements and facilitating registration on the National Suppliers Database and the National Oil and Gas Talent Register in various districts.  This is in order to support local communities and businesses prepare for the opportunities.

“The pipeline will be constructed to prevent pollution and also monitored using fibre optic technology to detect any potential leakages before they happen”, Weteeka added.

A summaried and simplified version of the ESIA report has been published and translated into local languages  for distribution to all stakeholders to facilitate understanding of the project and its impact, and contribute to the decision-making process for the ESIA.

The PAU is also currently conducting radio and television talk-shows and announcements to continue sensitising the public about the upcoming Public Hearings and how they can have their views and comments captured.

The public hearings will be held on 21st, 23rd and 25th October, 2019 from 9am to 5pm in Kakumiro, Mubende, and Rakai districts, respectively.

The Unrealized Oil Promise of the Democratic Republic of Congo

By NJ Ayuk

It is no secret that the DRC's mining industry is of vital importance in answering the country's and the world's mineral needs. Today, copper, cobalt and other byproducts represent the backbone of the DRC's economic structure at about 85% of its exports.

That has been the case for many years, through several regimes, with little change. Besides metals, diamonds and oil represent the remaining of all that the DRC sends abroad, the vast majority of its outbound trade balance being composed of raw unprocessed goods.

Standing in the 12th position amongst African oil producers, the DRC's petroleum industry is miniscule at best, producing an average of 25 thousand barrels of crude oil per day off its coastal ageing fields. But that seems rather odd.

While there is not much talk about this particular fact, when we think of it, it is somewhat perplexing that the DRC, which is bordered by so many oil producers and has territorial waters in the prolific Gulf of Guinea, has never really developed an oil industry or even seemed to be interested in developing one, despite its prospective reserves. With a population of around 80 million people, of which around 75%, most statistics indicate, live in extreme poverty, the DRC is today amongst the five poorest countries in the world. 

One would expect that the country's leaders would strongly push for the exploration of the country's natural resources to produce wealth and provide for better living conditions for its citizens. Yet, the DRC's oil and gas reserves remain largely unexplored, while most studies estimate that there could be around 20 billion barrels of undiscovered oil in the country's basins, both onshore and offshore.

That is a tremendous amount of oil which, if confirmed, would place the DRC as the second biggest petroleum holder in Sub-Saharan Africa, behind only Nigeria, and far outdoing Angola's reserves of 9 billion barrels of oil.

This is not the Africa we want, and this is not the DRC that we want.

First of all, keeping certain communities in poverty to retain power is a complete mistake. Power stability comes from generalized improvement of life conditions. If the country is wealthier and is capable of improving the lives of those that live in it, the more stable it will be and the more capable it will become of sustaining and giving continuity to that development.

Further, as I have extensively defended over the years, the sanctity of contracts is of paramount importance to attract investment and partnerships into any country. What company would want to invest in a country where a contract can be signed and then cancelled a few months later without further explanation or justification?

And it is not just a matter of reputation, but of direct financial burden, lest not forget that just in March this year, an international court ordered the Democratic Republic of Congo to pay South African DIG Oil Ltd USD$617 million for failing to honour two oil contracts.

That is 1.6% of the country's 2017 GDP. How can any leader possibly justify such a loss to its economy. Not to, again, mention the enormous economic potential that could come from actually letting those contracts take shape and allow companies to explore the country's oil regions.

Stability depends on investment, cooperation and development. To attract investment, conditions need to be created for the business environment to be enabling for industry development. Disrespecting contracts does not achieve that. Nor does keeping people from producing wealth.

Just in May, French super-major Total abandoned its exploration license in the DRC. Bloomberg's article on the matter was titled "Congo's Lone Oil Giant Quits Search, Partner Says". That's right, it was the last major oil and gas company to abandon the DRC's oil plays. Others had been there over the years, Shell and Texaco for instance.

About 10 years ago, Tullow Oil and partners tried to acquire a license for exploration, signed a contract, paid the bonuses, and saw the contract then cancelled and the same block then sold to yet another company just a few months later. Nothing has been done in the acreage since.

This is the absolute opposite of what must be done.

Oil and gas production can bring enormous wealth to the country and its people, not to mention the ability the country's gas reserves could have to produce electricity to power homes and industry.

Since January 2019, the DRC is led by a new government. It now has the opportunity to change the status quo of the DRC within the global oil industry and to promote investment. The country's oil and gas laws are fairly well developed and the potential for discoveries is huge; the problem is reputation.

If the country's leaders can reassure international investors that their contracts will be respected and if investments can be facilitated and transactions made transparent, there is little limit to how quickly the country's industry could grow and how much its people could benefit. Better living conditions across the country would ease ethnic and social tensions and provide the basis for a level of socio-economic development that the country has never seen before.

If the dependency on the volatile prices of mineral commodities continues, as well as the uneven distribution of wealth, and if the generalized situation of extreme poverty is sustained amongst the population, instability, rather than stability, will be the end result.

Further, the DRC has the opportunity to seek the help and support of international institutions and partners in developing its oil industry, such as the World Bank, the IMF or the Norwegian government, which have vast experience in helping other African oil producers. They can also seek closer proximity with the US, where most of the major companies with the capability, technology and capital to help develop their industry reside. 

The US government also has an interest in promoting these developments in the DRC, as maintaining stability in the sub-continent and the Central African region is of particular strategic importance for US interests. 

It is astonishing to me that the leaders in Kinshasa are not willing to look from their windows just across the Congo river to Brazzaville and want to emulate the steps taken by their neighbour, the Republic of Congo, currently the third biggest oil producer in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Finally, good signs are coming from the current administration. In April, at the latest Africa Petroleum Producers Association's Conference in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, the DRC's oil minister announced the country would put 38 blocks on offer for bidding and negotiation, located in three different basins. This is an important step in order to call out investor attention to the country, and I applaud the initiative.

Hopefully the regime change, the country's adherence to the EITI, and the new block offer will help bring investment, but more will have to be done to reassure investors that entering this market will be a profitable and safe bet, and that their interests and rights are protected by the law.

I hope to see these developments happening soon and to be a witness to the fulfillment of the DRC's oil industry's full potential.

NJ Ayuk is the CEO of Centurion Law Group, a pan-African law Conglomerate and the current Executive Chairman of the African Energy Chamber (, the voice of the African Oil and Gas industry. He is the author is the upcoming book "Billions at Play: The Future of African Energy and Doing Deals".

Muloni Downplays Need For Mineral Development Authority

A request by Uganda Chamber of Miners and Petroleum (UCMP) to have the government set up a Minerals Development Authority is certain to hit a dead end after Eng. Irene Muloni, the minister of energy and mineral development told Earthfinds that this will be duplication of roles now being undertaken by the line ministry.

Elly Karuhanga, the chairperson of UCMP Council while speaking at the closing of the 8th Annual Mineral Wealth Conference at Kampala Serena Hotel, in the presence of Eng. Muloni and Edward Ssekandi, the vice president of Uganda, requested that the two government officials spearhead the formulation of an Authority that will oversee the minerals sector.

According to Karuhanga, the mining sector is not getting the deserved attention from the government, unlike other sectors. “Why do we have just a unit? What has stopped us from having a mineral development authority? If we had an Authority, the attention (to offer licenses) would be taken away from minister,” Karuhanga said inquisitively. 

Among the issues the Authority should handle, according to Karuhanga, is the issuance of licenses, now a preserve of the minister through the Directorate of Geological Survey and Mines (DGSM) in Entebbe. He added that the Authority should also be the regulator of the mining sector.

However in an interview with Earthfinds, just after the closure of the two-day conference, the energy minister said this will not be possible because the government is focused on setting up a national mining company, which itself was requested for by the Chamber to protect the country’s business interests in the minerals sector.

“In the draft law, we are looking at a mining company; that is what they requested earlier on at the same mining conference (Ed. the 7th annual mineral wealth conference of 2018). They have been saying why don't we put in place a mining company so that it is also able to participate in the mining sector tells,” Muloni said.

The minister emphasized that with the coming into existence of an online licensing system, putting in place an Authority will duplicate roles and present a cost burden to run that Authority.

“If you are looking at an Authority for regulation that means you have to provide for it. Recently, you heard, the government was trying to rationalize by merging some of these Authorities because a lot of money is put in there,” she said.

"We will try to minimize expenses by putting in place structures that are able to manage the sector effectively. And now that we have gone online, the systems are going to control and manage the whole mechanism," she added.

She explained that the minerals unit at DGSM takes up the responsibility of supervising the mining sector – to follow up and monitor what the investors are carrying out and if they are they doing it in accordance with the licensing condition.

Unfazed, Karuhanga said they are seeking to meet the cabinet to have the matter addressed.

The conference held under the theme ‘creating an enabling environment for mining in Uganda’ attracted local and international members of the private sector, policymakers and members of civil society.

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